Posted 16 June 2012 - 03:06 PM
"Peschel Biber ( Beaver ) black Fedora arrived. Age, mid 50's to early 60's.
Very low crown, so I shaped, a teardrop. Very good condition not often worn.
The felt is thick and stiff and holds with a lot of steam, any shape. Brim wide, 5,5 cm.
To shaping this Hat I spend one hour, because, he arrived, in a to low and small package."
Posted 06 August 2012 - 09:13 PM
Posted 05 August 2013 - 08:41 PM
This is an older type holder without a bottom. It's pre 1940 and could be pre WWI. I only have one pre 1940 Anton Peschel hat but it's not completely original. Any item from the old factory location (Neutitschein, Austria, Novy Jicin, Czecho Slovakia after WWI) is rare.
Posted 18 April 2014 - 11:14 PM
The article is from about the same time (04/2011) I visited Nový Jičín. I assume the demolition is now complete. Here are some photos I took.
A. Peschel Hat Factory in the process of being demolished.
Posted 20 April 2014 - 06:23 AM
(A rough translation of the article)
The History of the Hat Factory Peschel in Schönau
During the renovation of the Schönau village church in 1995 many historical items were discovered including a manuscript entitled "Sketch of the Origin of the Hat Factory of A. Peschel". The development of Neutitscheinhat industry is mostly attributed to three companies: Hückel , Böhm and Peschel. However, strictly speaking A. Peschel belonged to the neighboring independent community of Schönau. Mr. Ferdinand Seidenberger an officer of A. Peschel wrote the manuscript in 1894 upon the 25th Anniversary the company (see above).
In 1869 began the company's founder , Anton Peschel, built a hat factory in Schönau. He came from the town Kamitz at Odniti and was at that time 46 years old. He had no prior experience in hat making and it was unknown why he decided to invest in the industry. In the early years , Peschel employed 20 to 30 hat industry workers. The beginnings of the company were apparently not promising. Mr. Seidenberger reported that Peschel had to rely on outsiders to run the company. In 1885 Anton Peschel died and left his wife with eleven under aged children and a company on the brink of bankruptcy. Mr. Seidenberger described the business as "rotten". The company main customers were oddly in Romania where the company had lost many thousand Florins (apparently a large sum in those times) due to a tariff war. In this almost hopeless situation, the new proprietor , the wife of the late founder, Luise Peschel was tasked with rescuing the company. This energetic and business-minded woman, actually managed to reorganize the operation and was able to build a major customer base in Germany. According to Mr. Seidenberg " the company was established for the second time". She invested in production facilities and the renovation of machinery which further improved the economic well being of the company.
Mr Seidenberger also gives us an insight into the existential situation of the 230 workers at the end of the 19th century : The average wage at that time was 5 to 10 guilders per week with a work schedule of 14 hours a day. All workers were insured against accidents and illness , which probably was not self-evident at the time. As a raw material for production for soft and stiff felt hats and served exclusively hare and rabbit that were taken from the home and abroad . The markets for A. Peschel hats included before the first World War, Austria - Hungary, Germany , Russia, Greece and almost all other countries in Europe. Also just prior to WWI North America, South America and India.
The disintegration of the Habsburg monarchy and the establishment of the successor states severely impacted the hat industry for a a couple years after WWI. 800 workers were employed prior to WWI but after the war only 400 were employed. In 1920 Luise Peschel, who had built the company to great success died. The municipality of Schönau, for which she had done much, made her an honorary citizen. The company would remain family ownened until 1945. Gradually, the company built a world market in the twenties and thirties. It survived the Great Depression of the thirties and at the beginning of the second world war employed, housed and feed nearly a thousand workers. The working week at that time was 48 hours, every day approximately 3000 hats and felt hoods were produced. A. Peschel was world renowned for their Velour finishes. This specialization secured regular customers and a permanent place on the world market. In addition to the production facilities in Schönau the company added subcontractors in Romania and Yugoslavia during the 1930s.
Even before the Communist takeover (1948) in post-war Czechoslovakia, the three companies Hückel, Peschel Boehm and were liquidated. However, the history of the company A. Peschel was not complete. Just two years after the war ended one of the company owners, Anton Peschel under primitive conditions established a hat factory in Dinkelsbühl, Germany. His entrepreneurial courage was rewarded: in 1950 the first Peschel hats came to market. In the fifties, the company had 200 workers and employees, including 30 skilled workers from the old country. Unfortunately, this company did not meet with lasting success. The old advertising slogan prewar "No Man Without A Hat" no longer applied and fashion had changed over time. Exactly 100 years after its creation Peschel hat company came to a end in 1969.
This article appeared in the May / June 2001 edition of "Geschichte und Kultur" (a periodical dedicated to the displaced people of Neutitschein / Novy Jicin Czechoslovakia, before WWI Austria).
Posted 21 April 2014 - 04:05 PM
Villa Peschel, Interior, about 1922
Oil painting of the main hallway in the house of hat manufacturers Peschel, about 1922. It was painted by Mr. Egon Jünger* at the request of the above-mentioned Hat manufacturers Peschel. The painting was originally displayed in the Villa.
*Egon Jünger 1888, + 1972, Shortly after WWI Professor at Real Gymnasium in Neusitschein (where he lived until 1926). His parents were both from Neutitschein, his mother (Reb. Emma Berger married to Franz Josef Jünger). Source photograph obtained from the daughter of the painter Dr. Elfi Frasl / Vienna.
"Geschichte und Kultur" (a periodical dedicated to the displaced people of Neutitschein / Novy Jicin Czechoslovakia, before WWI Austria).
Posted 22 July 2014 - 06:14 PM
"A fine quality velour felt hat, likely pre-WWII. The felt is very soft but fully moldable. Blocking is very straight with 5 3/4" open crown and 2 1/2" brim. 2" ribbon. Very beautiful sweatband is 2 1/4" wide. Liner is utilitarian cotton or linen suggesting that silk might have been unavailable from Europe at the time? $15 retail."
Posted 15 April 2015 - 12:00 AM
Peschel Homburg in black soft fur felt
Size 59 cm with 5.5 inches open crown, 2 inches bounded brim
This is a tipical German-Austrian Homburg with crown very similar to the "Elegant HUT" made in central Europe at the start of last century
The fur felt is very soft-pliable and medium weight. Good finishes
It was part of a black hats I bought some time ago.
Very confortable to wear, it is a nice addition to my collection of homburgs
Posted 30 September 2015 - 10:12 PM
I purchased a collection of old (probably 1930s and older) hat liner print plates (82 pieces) from the Czech Republic. They were found near Štramberk which is a short distance from Nový Jičín (Neutitschein) where Johann Hückel´s Söhne, Anton Peschel and Brüder Böhm were located.
I believe the following two print plates are Anton Peschel but not certain.
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