habigman Posted December 30, 2013 Report Share Posted December 30, 2013 Hat Industry Manufacture of silk and fur felt Wollfilzhüten . The German hat industry (excl straw hat manufacturing) mainly deals with the fabrication of Wollfilzhüten , especially eligible for export almost all these into consideration. The raw material ( wool ) is possibly related to one fifth of Germany , in the main, however, from the Cape , Australia and Argentina , to a small portion also Hungarian wool is processed. Mainly be noils - the figure resulting from the worsted manufacture waste of Australian and Argentine wool - used and that most domestically produced noils . Cashmere and Alpaccas still be purchased from England in small quantities . All raw materials are a duty-free. A wool duty would be downright destructive effect on the industry as the demand cannot be met from domestic and other countries , Italy and Austria are already through lower production costs advantage , would gain on foreign markets a not einzuholenden lead. A refund of the wool duty on the exportation of hats would be possible only in the form of an export premium that gives the most serious concerns to let. The hat manufacture hair used domestic rabbit hair, Kaninhaar, and Kaninfelle that are based duty-free from Belgium. The water passing in the hat manufacture for use sweatband is noeh not produced domestically in sufficient quantity and must be purchased from abroad in part. In contrast, the whole need for tapes and linings are covered in Germany, and the German band and silk fabric weaving is so designed that a reduction of the corresponding German tariffs would be quite feasible. After the commercial census of 15 June 1895 was in the millinery and making of felt goods 3217 companies with 23 444 people, of which 2800 small businesses with 4536 persons 324 medium-sized enterprises with 5072 people and 93 large farms with 13836 workers. Compared to 1882, ergiebt an increase of employed persons in the millinery to 37.7%. Einfuhr = Import Ausfuhr = Export Since 1897 distinguishes the import and export statistics between fur felt and wool felt hats and was in the years 1898/1900 imports of the former 25, 35 and 48 t in values of 1.13 1.58 and 2:15 million Marks. The export of 12.4, 9.3, and 11 t in the value 0.43, 0.33 and 0.4 million Marks. It is noted that the statistics the unit value of Haarfilzhüten on imports used with 4500 Marks when exporting with 3500 Marks of Wollfilzhüten on imports with 1500 Marks, export only 1,100 Marks, especially the latter difference is not justified. Men's hats and garnished ungarnirt under cherish in Germany one of 180 Marks per 100 kg. This type of clearance has aroused lively mood in the German hat manufacturers, since they do not depend on the value of the goods, in part meets higher than the more valuable Fur Felt Fedora counter the heavier wool felt hat of little value. The displeasure is the greater, as Austria Hungary us exportirt much hair hats while we send him almost Wollfilzhüte and stumps. From the Italian imports account for only 1/4 hair hats, from the English not quite 1/4. On the part of the Association of German hat manufacturers following piece duties have now been proposed: Garnirte for boys and gentlemen per piece 1 M ungarnirte do 75 Pf, 50 Pf cheroot, Garnirte Wollfilzhüte for men and boys by piece 50 Pf, 35 Pf ungarnirte do, cheroot 20 Pf. You will be able to admit readily that the clearance by the number of pieces of Gewichtsverzollung is preferable because a slight fine hat is not to be treated better than coarse heavy , although it must still say that in all cases the lighter hat is also the better In addition . the weight difference between fine and Wollfilzhüten hair hats today often minimal . Very but the question is whether such a high tariff , as the applied , is objectively justified somehow . Assuming the average weight of garnirten Haarfilzhutes to 105 grams, so go around 900 hats to 100 kg. The same would be 900 M inch to bear against 180 M now have ungarnirte hair hats at an average weight of 90 grams would go around 1000 to 100 kg, and pay 750 M 180 M inch to now . Garnirte wool hats should ungarnirte an average of 150 135 grams so weigh around 620 of the former by the latter about 700 pieces 100 kg go that would have bezw 310 245 M 180 M inch to now carry. It is in this application , therefore, to very substantial tariff increases. It is true that the importation of Haarfilzhüten exceeds the export of both the quantity as the value by much. Predominantly but there are quality hats, which come from there as they are not supplied by our Haarhutindustrie in the same quality, the same quality bezw not in sufficient quantity. The Austrian fine Haarhut amount will terminate inch by 1.50-2M dear already sold at today's 20-25 Pf in the hat shops, than the German, and the intermediate would trade his hat in the future lead, it might sell dearer by 50 Pf, what consumers such fine hats first Austrian manufacturers not stop she would continue to buy, the tariff increase would therefore hardly reduce the importation of hair hats, but it would undoubtedly lead to reprisals. Even less justified is the tariff increase applied on wool felt hats. Import of 82 tonnes was an export of 230 tonnes compared with last year, best proof that our wool felt hat industry is fully grown foreign competition, even after Austria exceeds our export the from there. In the circles of the industry was still konstatirt 2 years ago that the German millinery have developed in the last 5-6 years. It is not to be supposed that when with the joined up front is holding wirth economic upturn good purchasing power of the population have declined in hats sales, on the contrary, it should be. In the circles of the hat industry one wishes urgent long-term trading contracts with binding lower tariff rates of foreign countries, but you have to there to make it clear that if we give as Hutexportland an example of such Hutzölle, this may just be suitable, others on high hold or increase Hutzölle to work states. Even if one can recognize the desire for a piece Customs for hats to be justified, therefore, perhaps a distinction between hair and wool felt hat may deem appropriate, it must nevertheless be strongly warned against such exaggeration in the amount of duty. If we compare the amount requested duty with the Hutzöllen our most important foreign market areas , so a value rises Belgium duty of 10 % , ie for our Wollfilzhüte 15-30 Pf , for better hair hats 60-85 Pf for the play , Denmark is also 10 % , Netherlands 5% of the value di 8-15 Pf for the wool hat , 30-45 Pf for the Haarhut , Norway 56 Pf , Austria Hungary 90 fl 100 kg or about 25 Pf for Wool , 17 Pf for hair hats, Sweden ungarnirte 56 Pf garnirte , 84.4 Pf per piece , Switzerland ungarnirte 75 francs , 120 francs garnirte p 100 kg or approx 6-8.5 Pf per piece, garnirte 120 francs or about 11-16 Pf piece . Even the hochschutzzöllnerische France levies for ungarnirte fur felt blastfurnace only 0:50 francs , for garnirte 1 Frcs for Wollfilzhüte 0:40 and 0.60 francs and Italy for men and Knabenfilzhüte , also garnirte 12:50 francs . an overriding exporting country would marschiien So apart with the applied tariff rates at the top of all European countries of Russia, Spain and Portugal. One must be clear about that already such duties as they raise Sweden and Norway have our Hutausfuhr restricted to the utmost follow other states the example that we should give them the wishes of the hat manufacturers so it is with our Hutexport over a piece of inch of perhaps 50 Pf for hair hats garnished and ungarnirt of 25 Pf for Wollfilzhüte of 10 Pf for stumps can be justified at most. Sales to Russia Finland As for the foreign paragraph, separates Europe from Russia due to high customs duty protection; statistically specified export goes almost entirely to Finland. The reduction of the Russian customs 1.20 rubles to 0.75 rubles per gold piece was entirely worthless, since the German wool hat per dozen costs 20-24 M and gleichwerthige in Russia hats own factory with 32-42 M; reduction in the Russian duty on half would be to take at most competitive. Austria Hungary Austria Hungary sold us better hair and wool hats, we gave him and cheap, and hat bodies. Austria has an old, highly educated with hard-working, intelligent and yet cheap labor. The German is limited to Upper Austria, Salzburg and Tyrol, where the German predominates and the Bavarian taste exerts influence. A tariff reduction Wollfilzhüte would be desirable. Italy Italy has recently Austria ahead the advantage still cheaper, less demanding labor and has cheap in soft felt hats genres where it is only a matter of equity, the business completely usurped and except Germany and Austria and England repressed for imports into Germany it comes third, we ourselves have no Hutexport to Italy, because we can not deliver cheap enough to konkurriren compared to the nearly 5 M per dozen amount end of entry with the local brand can. Denmark, Sweden, Norway After Denmark is mainly exportirt by Hamburger wholesalers, buying considerable quantities German, Italian and English hats. After Sweden and Norway, the export takes place in the same way, but is the same considerably decreased since the emergence own factories and the significant tariff increases made, a substantial reduction of duties there is urgently desired. Damenhutstumpen are usually obtained from the straw hat factories directly from Germany. France, United Kingdom, Netherlands France has too large custom fabrication, as that one worth mentioning export permit there could be. Britain has a very significant advanced state hat manufacture so we cannot make a bigger deal there in men’s hats, it exportirt counter in part in fairly significant degree by Germany. In England predominates the stiff hat, and the soft hat is really only used as a traveling hat, what is there also a reason of the lack of paragraph German hats. In contrast, German Damenhutstumpen go to almost amount to England, as the same the local straw and Damenhutfabrikanten are indispensable. The Netherlands has no own production and come here all Hutexport country in competition. If there is also much a matter of fairness to the German goods has found more and more to the English input. Romania, Switzerland In Romania, pay 150 francs peasant hats, felt hats, other 600 francs. Inches 100 kg After the trade agreement, it turned a very lively one there. The credit conditions of the local Hutimporteure bezw and the legal protection of creditors could be but so much wish that you stopped exports soon, at the time it is completely irrelevant. Switzerland The 20% tariff reduction as well as the tariff war with has proved for the German Huth Andel be quite vortheilhaft;, once won the clientele is hard to win, but also remains true. Traffic to non-European countries does not take place directly from the factories, but through the mediation of European export houses. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru Argentina, which has a value tariff of 50 % , was formerly for the German Hutexport of importance ; since but is operated there by immigrants ( Italians own production ) and the cheap Italian goods has gained entrance, the paragraph has almost ceased . In Brazil , the situation is quite similar to the ; inch input is z Zt 60 % of the value , and imports German hats restricted to better goods , the cheap mass products they hefern if not in the country itself are England and Italy. Chile. In 35 % of value addition to better German goods cheap English and Austrian based . Our sales is plummeting . Columbia . Gross Weight Customs ca 750 M 100 kg . Until a few years German goods were preferred , and now outweighs the smaller Italian . Ecuador 4M inches per piece , again with Italy , the German great measure displaced. Mexico Customs 2 4 M each. Imports by production displaced. Peru 40 % Werth inch + 8 % of the value of the duty of customs . Cheap goods displaces more and more German. Philippines, British colonies, Dutch East Indies , Japan The Philippines was formerly an important outlet for German hats inches approx 1.80 M for garnirte, 1:55 M for ungarnirte fedoras. Our own factory is designed so that the import has become insignificant. Preference is given to Spanish and Italian hats. The British colonies are supplied by England, which also dominates the market in China with cheaper. Dutch East Indies preferred as the motherland German hats. Japan has its own manufacturing facility and preferably in English, moreover hats. Export Prospects On the whole, therefore, the export prospects of the German hat industry cheap and it will require extraordinary efforts to only part of the lost sales territory to win again; bring any Vertheuerung production by material duties, any intensification of mutual shut him to a complete standstill. Google Translation The German hat industry targeted the lower end wool market for export. This paints a pretty dismal picture. Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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