Jump to content
Invision Community

Johann Hückel´s Söhne - Hückel Hutfabrik Weilheim


Recommended Posts







It appears hats sold into the German market after WWI were made in or shipped from this factory due to import tariffs / restrictions (not sure how long this lasted) on hats produced in Czechoslovakia (Austria up WWI).


The factory at the top of the document is the main factory in Neutitschein (Novy Jicin, Czechoslovakia, became TONAK after WWII). The factory at the bottom of the document is the Ratibor factory. They also had factories / operations in Skoczów, Poland (PolkaP) and Vienna, Austria. J. Hückel's Söhne was the largest hat company in Europe.


Rough Translation


J. Hückel's Söhne Hat Factory Ratibor, Silesia, Germany (1925)


The ' hat factory J. Hückel's sons , Ratibor , is a foundation of the German market also best- known house. J. Hückel's sons , Neutitschein , Czechoslovakia. The motives which have led to the construction of a factory on German soil are best characterized by the position of the German market in the postwar period. That have occurred with the reparations import disabilities were calculated to make almost impossible the Neutitscheiner factory to operate the decades loyal customers , and so probably had or could but just a factory on German soil alone offer the guarantee to continue the German Hat market play a leading role .


It probably belongs to the founding story of the young factory when those data are reported briefly that address also the parent company and its origination.


The establishment of the Neutitscheiner house dates back to the 1799 return , in which the former Hatter Johann Nepomuk Hückel , a native of Fulnek in Moravia , in Neutitschein acquired the master rights . In 1811, his brother Augustin, the two brothers followed ouch after Neutitschein , and now operated here for everyone , the Hatter trade . The generation was marked by the old craft custom. In 1836, took over the son of Augustin Hückel, Johann Hückel , the commercial and his father in a storm in 1848 also that his uncle to continue it under the old form unites .


The then nascent Austrian hat industry knew nothing of the world market of the dominant foreign competitors customs obtaining units. It was a credit to Johann Hückel, he slowly moved toward also brought the issues of expansion of its production, and the technical perfection of great interest. His three sons August, John and Charles, who had learned and all, the craft of Hatter after the ancient custom, were sent by him into the world to gain experience that should usefully be employed in their own businesses. The result of this pioneering work was because even that Johann Hückel in Austria by establishing a dreipferdigen steam engine transformed its operation as the first in a mechanical in 1865. Thus, the path was broken to rapid further development , and already in 1867 the establishment had to be moved because they proved to be too small compared to the demands placed on them . 1868 I handed Johann Hückel his three sons running the business , but he remained still for long years the most zealous advisers. His merits were recognized as well by awarding the Gold Cross of Merit at the highest point . The now resulting in an area outside the city factory had the necessary expansion possibility , and the circumstances of the time as well as the efficiency of owners had the company rapidly aloft bloom and in a short time a dominant position not only in Austria but also on occupy the world market . The base was created in hard work, and restless it went with all his energy to the development of relations with foreign countries and therefore also to justify the reputation of the company.


It will surely meet general interest, when here on the greetings ratios of Neutitscheiner trunk factory, some data are reported that give everyone a clear picture of the development of the company from small beginnings to its present greetings and significance. The factory today covers an area of 48,000 square meters, the factory built-up area of 22,000 square meters, the future for the fabrication into consideration surface 36,000 square meters. The factory employed before the war against 3,000 workers with a daily production of more than 6,000 pieces. As a result of war conditions and the course appearing in the wake of economic distress, the number of workers and the production is significantly decreased, but no 'doubt that entry with more or less normal conditions the old capacity is again can be achieved. Mention will be even that the factory has Tailoring own hair and therefore the raw material making-up even further its own workshops for the production of the necessary professional work, such as metalworking shop, foundry, and wood shop, and cardboard packaging so that the products can post shipped ready to leave the establishment. The growing from year to year increase in production and the related additional work caused the company owner to refer to the sons and current owner of the company to employees for years before the war.


The outbreak of World War I and the related inhibition of the whole of economic life has acted on standing even in high years, owner of J. Hückels atonement adversely , but still managed their tireless energy and drive to maintain the operation of the whole time and even partially convert the production to other products . The consequences of this extraordinary effort remained not fail to happen . 1917 died in rapid succession, the two owners of August and Johann Hückel , and in 1919 followed them her brother Charles in a better afterlife. Recognition was the work of the fin holder in the award of the title " Imperial and Royal Court hat manufacturers ' and Off, the two brothers August and Johann Hückel drawing with the Iron Crown, 3 class. The products of the company have been repeatedly awarded a prize , so in Vienna in 1873 with the Progress Medal , 1876 at the World Exhibition in Philadelphia with the highest distinction , 1878 in Paris with the Golden medal and in Paris in 1900 with the Grand Prix.


As far as the history of the parent company. Now to the business itself Ratiborer The factory was available at a parts in Purchase, another had to be done from scratch. Today, the factory covers an area of 13,000 square meters, of which 4,500 square meters are installed and the work area is about 9,000 square meters. It is driven electrically , the electrical energy is required for this purpose by a 300 hp. Steam machine delivered . State of the art furnishings are also the heating and boiler systems whose supply by means monorail is done directly by the railroad cattle car . For all hygienic requirements expectant ventilation of the work area care is taken . Similarly, the factory for the performance of any repairs to the machines own metal workshop and carpentry workshop. Currently, 500 workers find their bread . Even with the establishment of this factory had to be , so to speak starting with the smallest , and only gradually was the veritable production are taken from the crude product . It was an all out energy persecuted plan whose motive is to be called the preservation of the German market . The company produces only hair hats, as a specialty , the velour hats , enjoying the best reputation in the world.


The 1923 encroaching on Germany disaster has probably this young company hit hard , but in spite of all obstacles never the further development and perfection have been disregarded. And you can now safely say that J. Hückel's Sons , Ratibor their intention to get the German market , has enforced . Of course, the expansion of this plant has its limits, in the first place probably those which are caused by the separation of formerly German territories. Output suffer these losses , will probably mean a more intensive processing of the remaining area.


The story of a company means its value, this assertion has received well- confirmed their full right to exist in most of the German industrial creations, and also the history of the company from the company J. Hückel's Sons will be surety for that will be tirelessly advanced stage of the structure of the economic power of Germany , which must be he rings the goal and aspiration of the entire German people again.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 3 weeks later...
  • 1 month later...
  • 1 month later...
  • 1 month later...

This is a Metric / French Point size chart from an old (early 1900s) J. Hückel´s Söhne hat box. Notice the 1/2 CM and 1/4 French Point sizing. Also 60cm = 6 1/4 French Point instead of 6 1/2.




Here are some actual examples (from the same time period) of JHS 1/4 Point Sizing.


Based on the above chart 5 3/4 Point would be 58 1/2cm.




Based on the above chart 4 1/4 Point would be 55 1/2cm.



Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 2 weeks later...
  • 2 weeks later...
  • 2 weeks later...










Rough Google Translation


Given the huge upswing, which the hat industry has over the last decades taken in the advanced stage states of Europe, it was necessary to be all the more eager to get to know Philadelphis the degree of development to which this branch of industry has achieved in the United States of America, as the hat in this country forms a major subject of non-use.


In fact, the American exhibition offered a lot of interesting and educational realms.


Been the biggest part of the hat industry of the United States used the raw material of the hair, as well as the further orders necessary in silk fabrics, tapes and leather from Europe.


The import duty is 20 per cent for hair, the leather 26 per cent in silk products 50 to 60 per cent from the values. The hair of the United States sparsely occurring hares and rabbits is the Europeanized see products of quality and usability after considerable. Beaver and nutria hair, however, is the American easier and cheaper accessible.


Next stop is brought in, the wages of labor in America, Europe considerably higher, so you will find it understandable that the United States will not tolerate the competition of European and protect against the latter by means of appropriate input tariffs. In fact, the tariff on finished fedoras is 15 per cent from the values. If we Hiezu still the major Emballage and freight charges, the fact appears that the Imptort fabrikat on something half-French and limited to a small quantity of wool hats English great-leap, explained adequately.

As is known, must hat, when to the overseas transport 'tolerated', packed in Cartons which was sealed in tin lined with weaving, are loaded.


As you Importers hair and clothing items enjoy the gentlemen HH Seliwietering in New York and H. Blot out in Philadelphia, both excellent representatives of European firms, in consequence of their diligent, real process, a special trust. The named gentlemen were also kind enough to help me to gather the required data into as previously-coming as a selfless manner.


The major hat extent that production went to the United States, are consurnirt of the same also for the most part. A small portion only goes to Mexico, something to Japan.


A careful inspection of the exhibited objects and the visit of several important factories and establishments entitles me to the saying that the American hat industry, especially in the short into account their holdings, as the requirements of the modern era is totally accordingly.


The hat comes the Americans prove more expensive than the Europeans, but it is practical and often characterized by gentleness, smoothness, as well as an elegant Facon.


The unfavorable factors with which the American manufacturing is struggling, they force the extensive use of more advantageous tools and auxiliary machinery. The practical ingenuity, there is an American owned, it is excellent in Construirung new and improving known occurring in the use of machines to equip.


Tools for flood-makers, in particular hat shapes, exponirten: Christian nuns Berger of Philadelphia, Pierson & Herman from Newark. The exhibited objects were worked with great care and precision. For forms the American poplar is predominantly used, the wood of the European poplar for durability exceeds beiweitem. Such a related company of the former "form is available in our 'factory in use for a long time and has not suffered either by steam or by heat somehow.


Moreover, since the forms are for the most part finished filming by machines, so they fall out very evenly.


In Machines for the hat manufacture factory of the company Elke Meyer & Osterheld in Yonkers, New York brought a very interesting collection of Anschaunng. We met as appropriate form of a machine, although known, standing in use in the European factories system, but in multi-improved form. The improvement comprising, that is a more uniform elongation of the felt obtained during the molding and makes it difficult thereof tearing. Furthermore, we found quite handy, especially for bare, dull hats suitable head and rim bims machines by the same company after Einein new patentirten systems. These differ from ours in that their rotation is twofold, by itself alternately right and left and jabbing occurs in consequence of which is papiers rapidly produced in stopping the relevant pumice a nice smooth surface.


At last tour and bending machines are known constructions, then mention for wool hats suitable machines for sewing leather.


The heads of the designated factory have brought to the most patents in the stationary use in America machines for hat-fabrication. All other impacting our specialized devices are produced in their factory.


The wide use of machines running in parallel, a broad division of labor has evolved and is a high skill of the worker in the designated times to lead him narrower than typical.


Seen from the technical side, giving way to the American way of working of the common with us, among other things in it from that one where the hat by gehends soft or hard in the semi-flexed state (stumps) stiffens with water-based paint (patent), then after your finished walking and shapes, all wood colors (black) well hues and thereupon finished pumice and dresseth the former makes the hat for the effects of weather less receptive, protects him better before tightening the humidity, than in our common flexible and semi-rigid rubber hats finish.


The latter aims to remove the surface embrittled by the color of the felt and create a new one with a milder, smoother attacks.


How large but also like the indicated advantages no, this method has its drawbacks.


Employees Experiments have shown that the felt very suffers through the cited paint treatment, is dull and brittle and the durability of our significantly inferior. One can therefore justifiably say that the benefits of the American form of production, are outweighed by their adherent disadvantages that our felts are solid and durable.


Maybe it will be the future. To unite when using less sharp colors would prefer the two methods and to bring a more perfect way to make wave.


The charge of the exhibition as a whole is taken to refer to as incomplete and fragmentary. It lacked many of the most prominent European companies. Particularly striking was the utter us staying away Germany are France. But even many of the more important things of the United States were unrepresented.


Representatives were:


the united states by 13 companies,

the English colonies 2

Brazil (colleetiv) 8

England 3

Austria 3

Russia (colleetiv) 6

Italy (colleetiv) 2

Spain (colleetiv) 3

Portugal (colleetiv) 4


Passing to the detailed description, we find above all in the very tastefully furnished exhibition of the United States, the following companies: John B. Stetson & Co., Philadelphia. A selected collection of fine hair into soft felt hats and stiff in very perfect execution, with an interesting collection of all types of hair used for hat manufacture.


Beaver hats, expensive but of excellent quality. This factory produces only fine hats and continues its wares mostly from the elegant retail shops Philadelphia and New York. While visiting the factory strictly solid working method, as well as the efficiency of the conductive forces on us made the best impression. The daily production is 50 to 60 dozen, the price of a dozen 30 to 60 dollars. E. Morris & Co. in Philadelphia: silk hats for the most part, very light and solid work, in tasteful forms; also rich lustrous, sprung Bibercylinder also felt hats in beautiful blends. A new feature this factory produced very easily worked Galette, whose head was made of a loose, broken willow fencing (English origin). The carved thereon Chemises hats fall out very easily. JH Fenton & Brother in Philadelphia: Most silk hats, and also soft, smooth felt hats, then uniform hats in solid design. WH Oakford in Philadelphia: This posed as representatives of two New York companies a choice of felt and silk hats, including Gibus (claque) hats in all pure quality. Blaylock & Co. in Philadelphia: A Collection of felt and silk hats, then beautiful, polished kids hats, all in tasteful Facon. M. L. Moore in Philadelphia: Beautiful silk hats. B.L. Carnay in Philadelphia: silk hats, felt hats dark. Yates, Warton & Co. in Newark and New York: This is one of the largest establishments in the United States with very perfect device. There Wholesalers stent salvation produces soft hats in medium fine quality, calculated on the hate-demand. The soft felt hats in all FarbeWansgestellten testified. of curious Ausfähiung, ne also dressed ladies hats. The ability Productions is per day 100 to 120 dozen, the price per dozen according to 50 dollars. Dunlap & Co., also Amidon in New York presented together with their representatives 0akford in Philadelphia a selection of felt and silk hats right down in a very tasteful way out. A. Solmans in South Norwalk (Connecticut): Various felt hats, beautiful light cylinder, glamorous sprung stumps. Jos. Schiller & Co. in St. Louis (Missouri); This company exponirte in an elegant, practically GUIDED box whose walls out


Jos. Schiller & Co. in St. Louis (Missouri); This company exponirte in an elegant, practically GUIDED box whose walls were made through glass, thus permitted the incidence of light from all sides, silk godfather of particular ease, Facon beautiful and perfect execution. Worth highlighting is also a beautiful, spring-loaded beaver cylinder, the fashion of 1776 repräsentirend. In addition Some were flooding in plain to see. Haverhill Company Factory in Eaverhill (Mass.): This company brought bright and dark woolen hats for the exhibition.


From the English colonies had appeared J. Coristine in Montreal (Canada): The exhibition consisted of cheap, mostly soft woolen hats in lower quality in prices 8-18 dollars per dozen. Bidencope in Hobart Town (Tasmania): This brought hats hair and wool, silk hats, far away. a. Compilation of semi-finished in various stages of fabrication.


From South America was only Brazil, but this very well represented at. On the following Collection see companies had taken part: Chastel & Co. in Rio de Janeiro, Alvaro, Armada in Rio de Janeiro, H. Boxel & Case in Curytiba, Bierrenbach & Irmaro in Campinas, bees Bach & Brother in St. Paulo, remote Andean Braga St. Paulo, F. Fischer St. Paulo, Flora Regniaco in Bahia. The exhibition consisted of various silks and felt hats, and begot individual articles of achtungswerthem struts.


England. The hat exhibition of England stringed look at worthy of America. The content of the consistently beautiful display cases was worthy of external equipment and custom-exposure to the English as a sophisticated call. Represented were Tress & Co. in London, Lincoln Beneth & Co. in London and Osmond Dash in Brighton. We found beautifully crafted silk and felt hats in all imaginable ways, also dressed-women's hats and an assortment of England pressed wool felt hats much foreirten in multiple variations.


Austria. Although the Affairs of the Austrian Indutriellen hat at the tournaments inPhiladelphia, none was particularly brisk, so must be given even by the opponent, thatour production in all sectors appeared worthy repraesentirt. The exhibits earned fullrecognition among professionals such as at the publicum. Have exhibited: Peter& C. Habig in Vienna. This was very solid crafted things in silk and felt hats. Therecognition, the tasteful Facon and elegant equipment also found in America whichthis House view has long been pleased in Austria and Germany. J. Hückel sons inNeutitschein: this House was represented in all kinds of felt hats and harvested theirmild coatings (chemises) as well as the fine velour also professional recognition. Itshould be Erwähnenswerth that the owner of this company, whose production is 100dozen per day have adopted the mechanical help manufacturing in 1865 in Austria-Hungary. Samson & son Vienna: The silk issued by this company and Fedorasdeserve praise. Especially erwähnenswerd their well equipped livery, then their tastefulLoden hunting and their woollen travel hats.


Russia. the Collectiv exhibition which offered an interesting picture of the common inthis vast rich, various forms of headgear, we found a company based in Moscow, twofrom Warsaw actions: three from Riga.


Italy. The exponirten in a box products of companies: Cesare la Farino in Palermo andGabriele Rumieri in Naples were insufficient, how beneficial they are alsorepräsentirten, ran to a real image of the progress of the Italian hat industry.


The exhibition of Spain and Portugal was quite diverse, offers but no need for a morethorough discussion.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 2 weeks later...

J. Hückel´s Söhne Extra "Loutre / European Otter", Point size 4 1/2, probably late 1800s maybe at bit later. This museum piece belongs to Garrett. The oldest JHS I have encountered outside of the Novy Jicin museum collection.


Propped upon a Dobbs box for profile:














The sweatband is still supple and can take being bent its entire circumference without popping stitches or cracking. This reveals one tag at the exact rear of the sweat:







Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 2 weeks later...
  • 3 weeks later...

J. Hückel´s Söhne "Durit", Point 4 1/2, probably 1930s. Also came with a case. This beauty belongs to OCMH on the FL.



"Very pleased with this one. Great condition, and an added bonus in that I thought this was going to be identical to another Huckel I used to own thats now in Garretts wonderful collection.


This has a shorter finish and a raw edge brim. Absolutely stunning hat, the leather hatbox it came with is in great condition as well with both original keys."









Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 3 weeks later...
  • 1 month later...

J. Hückel´s Söhne, Seiden Zylinder, size 58cm, very good condition, probably 1930s. It came from a Czech Republic source. It was sold by K. Landa Brno, Czechoslovakia but the box it came with is from hat factory - warehouse Adolf Lochman Mnichovo Hradiště (Münchengrätz), Czechoslovakia. It's a really nice silk Top Hat with a ribbon / bow that you would see on a soft felt hat which makes sense since JHS was primarily known as a soft and stiff felt hat manufacturer.





















Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 1 month later...
  • 3 weeks later...
  • 3 weeks later...
  • 5 weeks later...
  • 4 weeks later...
  • 1 month later...

Johann Hückel´s Söhne, Hat Liner Print Plates, probably 1930s and older.


I purchased a collection of old (probably 1930s and older) hat liner print plates (82 pieces) from the Czech Republic. They were found near Štramberk which is a short distance from Nový Jičín (Neutitschein) where Johann Hückel´s Söhne, Anton Peschel and Brüder Böhm were located.


This is the JHS print shop from the early 1900s. They are printing hat liner logos using similar plates (center of table).




















The logo background is from the above print plate (same dimensions, color residue).




Hückel "Superior" Homburg



Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 1 month later...
  • 2 weeks later...

J. Hückel´s Söhne, Seiden Zylinder with original case probably 1930s. This one came from a source in the Czech Republic. I really like that JHS used a silk ribbon / bow vs a cloth band which is more typical. Also that the original case survived is special since it's paper based.











Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 3 weeks later...



I discovered the F.J. in the above crest is Franz Josef I Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. This is one of the liner plates from my Czech Republic find.




I made this discovery from the above photo that shows the F.J. medal below the F.J. Progress Medal won by Johann Hückel´s Söhne (JHS) at the 1873 Vienna World Expo. Also the same F.J. crest in the center of the Double Eagle. I am fairly certain that the above liner stamp is for JHS.





Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 4 weeks later...
  • 1 month later...

Hückel Weilheim - Kolhndofer, size 57cm, probably mid 1950s. It appears to be a mix of two hat companies, Hückel Weilheim (sweatband) and Kohlndorfer (liner). I know that Hückel Weilheim also repaired hats when they first started (they were in a small garage) so it could be from that time period although everything looks original. I am just starting to look into Kohlndorfer Hutfabrik Miesbach, Germany. This is a fantastic hat and a gift from ErWeSa(Wolfgang) which I met up with in Salzburg on my January 2016 trip to Germany, Austria and Italy. Thanks!















Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 2 weeks later...
  • 1 month later...

J.Hückel´s Söhne / Jaques Mayer "Standard", size 58cm, Brim 3 1/2 inches, Crown 6 inches, excellent condition, probably 1930s. This is a collaboration with Jaques / Jacques Mayer Hutfabrik (Hat Factory) Bratislava. I couldn't find anything on Jaques / Jacques Mayer but I will keep looking. This hat is really fantastic and has a very unique look with a very wide curled brim with binding. The felt (not a Velour) is somewhat similar to my 1929 Max Eckard Berlin Echter Borsalinos.



















Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 1 month later...

J. Hückel´s Söhne Standard "Loden", Point 6, Crown 6 inches Open, Brim 2 1/2 inches, NOS condition, possibly late 1920s. This one is from my latest Czech find and everything about it is fantastic (in my opinion :) )!


















Open Crown





Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 1 month later...
  • 2 months later...
  • 4 weeks later...

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

  • Create New...