Found a new history of Lunzenauer Mützenfabrik.
The development of the hat factory in Lunzenau
by Horst Hahn
In 1918, the brothers founded Bruno Kern (24) and Artur Kern ( 23)
Lunzenau the company Ernst Kern with the aim of production of men's and
Boy hats. In addition, still part of both mother, Mrs. Emma nucleus to the
Gave in honor of the late already in 1917, father and husband
them to the operating its name " Ernst Kern " . Ernst Kern was a furrier and
Capper champion and had a business for fur hats and
Fur clothing at the beginning of Altenburgerstrasse opposite the paper mill.
In the company's newly founded Artur Kern was trained as a furrier and
Capper for the production and Bruno Kern , the profession of a saddler
and upholsterer had learned , in charge of the sale. In the first period
were in the parental home and commercial building Altenburgerstrasse in
individually handmade sewn headwear made . In the
Production helped the Sisters of the founder , Else Kern and meta nucleus with .
Moreover, even a hat seamstress was busy.
Since, as always after recovering from a war , a great need for all
Goods was for the people , the company could expand rapidly and
the owners had to start looking for a suitable property . the
Premises in the Altenburgerstrasse had become too tight . they found
in the Altenburger Strasse 52 a suitable expandable lot. there
There were two houses , including the corner Altenburgerstrasse /
Hofeweg (today Erich -Weinert -Strasse ) . The older inhabitants Lunzenau
are still present there to the small food business and the
Restaurant "Zur Linde" remember. This restaurant there until the middle of the
50s of the last century. Tenant was Willy Zeißler . on the
Land , there was also a former gym and another
The owner of the hat factory could acquire the land relatively cheap,
the gym was expanded and expanded and developed it mehrgeschossig
favorable conditions to establish a factory-style hat production.
Through the money expiration during the ruling in Germany until 1923
Inflation has been the purchase price enormously favorable.
By the year 1927, the company was founded by Messrs. Bruno and Artur
Kern out together . Due to inconsistencies difference Bruno Kern of the company. Artur Kern found him by paying his
Business share from and leading the company further as a sole proprietorship .
Emma Kern remained until her death early 50s as Stiller participants in
part of the company . After her death, Meta took over this Kern
Bruno Kern bought a plant site in the Altenburgerstrasse 72 there
had a Lunzenau cigar makers built a factory and was in
Result of inflation gone bankrupt . Under the company name Bruno Kern
he founded an own hat factory. This company existed until the
Expropriation in 1972.
The company Ernst Kern developed despite the economic crisis and recession
End of the 20 's of the 20th Century always on. A need for
inexpensive head coverings was uninterrupted during this time. If you look at
old photos , newspapers, or films from this period look we see
that there is hardly a man without a hat . This of course was good for
the manufacturers of these garments . The Ernst Kern had in the
Industry made a name by their good products.
After the seizure of power by the Nazis in 1933 was
a systematic uniformity of the German population operated . There was
a large number of uniformed groups (SA , HJ, NSKK ) and so on. to
any uniform also includes a uniform cap , thereby could the operating
constantly expanding .
In 1935 was on the property at the former Hofeweg an office
and warehouse buildings erected. This building was the
Production buildings connected by a covered walkway , the
Finished products were by a continuously running conveyor belt from the
Production are transported directly to the camp. These and other
Improvements in the production process was the operating cost
produce and thus was always competitive with its
The number of employees increased at peak times up to 200
Workers and employees . The Ernst Kern was at that time one of the
largest employer in the region Lunzenau . Every day were up to 3500 pieces
Hats made . This amount was up to 3,000 retail stores
delivered in the former Reich. As the dispatch predominantly by post
was carried out , the relatively small Lunzenau post office did not able daily
to accept incurred amount of consigned boxed and stored in the receiver
deliver . Therefore a Truck " Opel Blitz " with special design
purchased, up to 2 times to the railway station post office went daily to Chemnitz and the goods anlieferte for immediate dispatch . This ensured that
the clientele at the next or latest in the possession on the next day
of goods ordered came .
With the beginning of the second World War II in 1939 it was only once with the
Upswing over. The production was true to a limited extent
continued , but it had worked mainly for the Wehrmacht
After the war in 1945, the production was slowly
again. As always after a war was an enormous need for all
present, but it lacked all the requirements to meet the demand .
It was not long and the operation had to as part of the
Reparations convert its entire production and only for the
Soviet Army produce . In the years 1945 - early 1948 were great
Amounts of fur hats , combat caps and uniform caps for the Red Army
made . The control officers of the Red Army came to regularly
unannounced inspections in the operation and stayed exactly that
No products to the people were prepared.
Nevertheless, it was but at this time in a modest way for private businesses
worked . But it was a balancing act when the checkers behind
had come , it could be quite fast as sabotage . What
which would then mean for those responsible , knew one of each!
Also, this era was over once again and it ran the production of
Hats for the population needs to back ,
In 1958, the operation had to take a share of the state. it
was the company Ernst Kern company with state participation . Artur Kern
was complementary and the state was a percentage of the profits
involved . With the money from the state was , among other things , the silent partnership
superseded by Meta Kern.
In April 1972, the company was nationalized , or as it was then " in
Public property transferred . " Artur Kern resigned from the company on grounds of age
from . That was the end of Ernst Kern. It was the VEB hat factory
The company Bruno Kern was nationalized in April 1972 , it was the
VEB Lunzenau hat factory. With effect from 1 April 1975 was this
Operation connected to the VEB hat factory , which there were in Lunzenau
only one operation , the caps produced .
The merger of the two cap factories were 116
Workers employed . The production further consisted of sewn headwear for men and boys . In the 80s, was also in
large quantities exported to the Soviet Union.
With effect from 1.1.1984 , the operation of the VEB Hutwerke Guben was
attached . The legal independence of VEB hat factory Lunzenau
was completed. There were only a work Lunzenau at VEB
Hutwerke Guben . Was Lunzenau was only a production facility , conducted
everything from Guben from .
After the fall of the production facility from the parent plant was before the
Provided alternative , either the production facility is closed or
establishes an independent GmbH. At that time, everyone had
the hope that the operation of a limited liability company by a founding
Chance of survival has . It took two employees at 02.10.1990 to Cottbus
and signed the shareholders' agreement . This was the Lunzenau
Hat Factory GmbH , a 100% subsidiary of THA emerged .
This operation lasted until 31.12.1992 .
The stated aim the THA was but that in its care
To privatize enterprises . Therefore searched for an investor , the
Mützenfabrik continues . It competed Messrs. John Hermann and
Gert Hermann . With effect from 01.01.1993 sold
Trust the business to the new owner. It was the company
CAP Lunzenau hats GmbH with the O.A. Men as CEO
On 21.09.1995 , the works presented on behalf of the entire workforce
the District Court of Chemnitz the application for bankruptcy of the CAP
Lunzenau hats GmbH. Due to the lack of application were
Wage and salary payments since 1 June 1995. The production was on
08.09.1995 set by strike and not resumed .
On 29.09.1995 Chemnitz District Court decides to initiate the
Bankruptcy proceedings .
On 1 Nov. 1995 the opening decision is to the overall execution of the
CAP Lunzenau hats GmbH caught. Is due to the bankruptcy
Insolvency and indebtedness of the company.
So after 77 years, the production of caps in Lunzenau a sad
Lunzenau , February 2009